ACTIVE AND PASSIVE EUTHANASIA RACHELS PDF

Synopsis: Rachels is concerned to show that the AMA’s doctrine on euthanasia– that passive euthanasia is morally permissible while active euthanasia is. The moral distinction between active and passive euthanasia, or between “killing ” and The philosopher James Rachels has an argument that shows that the. May 19, The late philosopher James Rachels published one of the most salient pieces on the euthanasia (E) debate in the New England Journal.

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Rachel’s first two arguments are sound if one is a Utilitarian. But even if one were not a Utilitarian, it seems that Rachels’ third argument is inescapably sound. It follows that, indeed, the AMA’s policy on euthanasia is seriously misguided, which is just a nice way of saying that it is blatantly false.

Behind all this is the safe assumption that morality should drive policy. Statement of the AMA: The intentional termination of the life of one human being by another–mercy killing–is contrary to that for which the medical profession stands and is ans to the policy of the American Medical Association. Argument A 1 If CDE is true then passive euthanasia never produces more suffering than active euthanasia.

Therefore 3 CDE is not true. Therefore 3 CDE is false. Argument C 1 If killing is morally worse than letting die, then for any two cases C1 and C2, where C1 and C2 are exactly alike in all respects except that in C1 there is a killing while ruthanasia C2 there is a letting die, C1 is morally worse than C2.

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Therefore 3 It is not the case that racnels is morally worse than letting die. Therefore 5 CDE is not true. Accordingly, Rachels considers the following argument.

Active and passive euthanasia.

Therefore 4 Active euthanasia is worse than passive euthanasia. Therefore 6 CDE is true. These are class notes, intended to comment on readings and amplify class discussion. They should be read as such. They are not intended for publication or general distribution.

Table of Contents for the Online Textbook. Care of the Dying.

The Crucial Element is Intention http: Rachels is concerned to show that the AMA’s doctrine on euthanasia–that passive euthanasia is morally permissible while active euthanasia is morally impermissible, actlve so-called Conventional Doctrine on Euthanasia CDE –is false. It is important to note that in showing that CDE is false Rachel’s is not taking a stand on the moral permissibility euthqnasia impermissibility of either active or passive euthanasia.

Instead, his conclusion is perhaps best expressed as a conditional: If CDE is true then passive euthanasia never produces more suffering than active euthanasia.

Raachels is not the case that passive euthanasia never produces more suffering than active euthanasia. If acting in accordance with CDE leads to decisions about passive euthanasia being made on irrelevant grounds, then CDE is false. Acting in accordance with CDE leads to decisions about passive euthanasia being made on irrelevant grounds.

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If killing is morally worse than letting die, then for any two cases C1 and C2, where C1 and C2 are exactly alike in all respects except that in C1 there is a killing while in C2 there is a letting die, C1 is morally worse than C2.

It is not the case that for any two cases C1 and C2, where C1 and C2 are exactly alike in all respects euthabasia that in C1 there is a killing while in C2 there is a letting archels, C1 is morally worse than C2. It is not the case that killing is morally worse than letting die. If CDE is true then killing is morally worse than letting die.

James Rachels on Euthanasia Notes – Applied Ethics

Active euthanasia is doing something to bring about death. Passive euthanasia is not doing anything. Doing something to bring about death is worse than not doing anything. Active euthanasia is worse than passive euthanasia. If active euthanasia is worse than passive euthanasia, then CDE is true.