Forequarter amputation (FQA) is a surgical treatment of tumors in the upper extremity and shoulder girdle that infiltrate the neurovascular. Forequarter or inter scapulothoracic amputation is an uncommonly performed operation for malignant tumours involving the proximal end of humerus and the. Forequarter amputation combined with chest wall resection is a rarely performed procedure. Six patients were treated for advanced malignancies with this.

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Forequarter amputation for high-grade malignant tumours of the shoulder girdle.

The forequarter amputation was the only alternative to pain management and to increase the overall survival even with distant metastases.

Tumor control remains the primary indication for amputation at this level Reference For large tumours Tickhoff-Linberg procedure 1,5 or one of its modifications is being practiced provided the tumour does not extend to and involve the neurovascular bundle, the chest wall and the. Plast Reconstr Surg ; ABCD sponsors treatment for those in need regardless of gender, race or creed, foreequarter them to reach their full potential, to live life with dignity and to take their rightful place in their community.

Surgical Principles John A. Currently, the most frequent indications are the presence of malignant tumours of the arm, axilla, shoulder and scapula 2. The radial pedicle was dissected and followed until the bifurcation of the common interosseous artery, and the ulnar artery was tied.

Case 3 A young girl of 15 from Mad Kashmir presented with similar history of a slowly increasing sweffing of right upper arm for one year. Forequadter excess forequarteer skin was excised and closed primarily, and drains were placed. Forequarter amputation; Soft tissue sarcoma; Preoperative embolization; Squamous cell carcinoma; Recurrence; Malignancy. The majority of radical extremity amputations are performed for high grade soft tissue sarcomas and squamous cell carcinomas [ 17 ].


Control and divide subsc art and vein. Techniques of limb salvage surgery and multimodality therapy like radiation, local and systemic chemotherapy are also being done for these patients 3.

Forequarter Amputation for Tumours of the Upper Extremity

In conclusion, we assure that the flap based in the humeral artery can safely irrigate the fasciocutaneous tissue all the way from midpoint in the arm to the midpalmar region, making it possible to harvest larger flaps for interscapulothoracic amputation reconstruction. A custom humeral prosthesis 6 or an inter positional metallic device 7 may be implanted for reconstruction. There is also a very strong family history of multiple malignancies.

A year-old man was referred for a large, indurated and painful left upper extremity mass that had been increasing in size for five months Figure 1. He was presented with local excision versus forequarter amputation as the surgical options. In this case, the patient referred intense pain with poor response to opioid analgesics.

Forequarter amputation

The tumour was in the previously irradiated tissue bed and further radiation was not recommended. Shoulder silhouette and axilla reconstruction with free composite elbow tissue transfer following interscapulothoracic amputation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. Orthop Clin North Am ; Our cases presented at an advanced stage.

Find articles by Juan Carlos Tamez. A forequarter amputation was done. We found it convenient to ligate the bundle under direct vision as a last step after completing the anterior dissection as well. This is a complex case underlining the importance of clear communication between the surgical team, patient and family, balancing operative risks and benefits as well as patient expectations, careful pre-operative planning and frequent post-operative follow up.


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Forequarter amputation – Wikipedia

A Cross-sectional magnetic resonance image of the patient with a large left upper extremity mass. Published online Nov The indications for forequarter amputation are well described and include intractable pain, neurovascular compromise, fungating local tumour growth and the inability to maintain limb function with complete resection margins [ 26 ]. The upper limit was the midpoint of the arm, 10 cm forequwrter the lower limit of the tumor.

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Acta Orthop Scand ; A search for the primary revealed a mass in the left renal area. J Trauma ; The purpose of the present article is to familiarize surgeons with the indications for and surgical technique of this uncommon but valuable surgical procedure through presentation of a classic case report of forequarter amputation for a malignant tumour of the upper extremity. Forequarter amputations typically involve removing the entire upper extremity, scapula and part of, or the entire clavicle for palliative, curative purposes [ 1 ] and even as a life-saving procedure in hemodynamically unstable patients [ 2 ].

Ann Jose ankara escort. Development of fasciocutaneous skin flaps for primary closure.

Above elbow limb replantation: Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Needle-core biopsy of the mass was suggestive of malignant fibrous histiocytoma Figure 3. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] ;