by Joël de Rosnay . Let us use the macroscope to direct a new look at nature, society, and man observes in the macroscope the organism that shelters it. Joël de Rosnay, (born 12 June ) is Docteur ès Sciences and scientific writer, presently On these subjects, he wrote: “Le Macroscope” (), “Les Chemins de la Vie” (The paths of life) () and “Le Cerveau Planétaire” (The planetary. Editions du Seuil, The complete book on a “The Macroscope” by Joël de Rosnay – Old but very good.
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The main theme is that the complex systems which govern our life should be looked at as a whole, rather than be taken apart into their constituents.
The Macroscope: A New World Scientific System
Valves that control the volume of various flows. The user can change the initial conditions “just to see what will happen.
The presentation is excessively dualist; it confines thought to an alternative from which it seems difficult to escape. Two major variables measure world growth: To the opposition of analytic and systemic we must add the opposition of static vision and dynamic vision. The decentralization of the reestablishment of equilibriums is one application of the law of requisite variety.
Two factors are important: Then, in the appropriate computer language, one prepares the equations describing the interactions and connections between the different elements of the system. One could illustrate the rosny of complexity with several points.
Causality becomes circular and opens up to finality. It is not to be considered a “science,” a “theory,” or a “discipline,” but a new methodology that makes possible the collection and organization of accumulated knowledge in order to increase the efficiency of our actions. Certainly there has been a revolution in our way of thinking; what now are the practical uses to which we can put it? Laine rated it really liked it Oct 03, We understand that the purpose of a machine has been defined and specified by man; but how does one speak of the purpose of a system like the cell?
If the information received at the level of the reservoir indicates that the level is rising, the decision to open the valves wider will allow overflow; if the level is falling, the decision to reduce the outflow will lead to a rapid drying up of the reservoir. Figure 43 brings together the researchers and teams mentioned in the preceding pages and recalls the main lines of thought opened macoscope by their work. Pushed too soon, it leads to an macroscole and paralyzing mixture; pushed too late, it leads to the confrontation of individualism and personality-and perhaps a disassociation still greater than what had formerly existed.
They circulate through the networks of communication and are represented symbolically by a heavy black arrow flows of information are indicated by a dotted-line arrow. In the first case there is exponential growth or decline; in the second there is maintenance of the rossnay Fig. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
The Macroscope: A New World Scientific System by Joël de Rosnay
In the first chapter numerous examples were given: This value can be number population growthdiversity variety of elements and interactions between elementsor energy energy macgoscope, accumulation of profits, growth of capital.
Hugo rated it really liked it Jan 31, How does one take into account such impossible-to-quantify data as well-being, fear, desire, or affective reactions?
In the case of a nation’s economy, those responsible for the economic policy choose and maintain the constraints that result from inflation with all their injustices rosny social inequalities-for they are judged a lesser evil than those brought about by unemployment. The demographic curve stabilizes in an S curve, typical of growth limited by an outside factor Fig.
Joël de Rosnay
These systems must be approached by new methods such as those which the systemic approach groups together. Bernard rated it really liked it Aug 02, This is the most complete: How to define complexity?
This unifying approach does indeed exist. Such interpretations are founded on superficial resemblances rather nacroscope on principles and fundamental laws that are common to all systems. They are three of the most general concepts of the systemic approach, and they are the keys to the juxtaposition of very different areas from biology to management, from engineering to ecology.
The same applies to the ecosystem. These models, established as part of an earlier analytical approach, seek to unite the main elements of a system in order to permit hypotheses concerning the behavior of the system as a whole- by taking into account as much as possible the interdependence of the factors.
Clement Vidal rated it it was amazing Jan 24,